Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials. Incineration and other high-temperature waste treatment systems are described as "thermal treatment".
An incinerator is one of the most commonly-used mediums for processing household garbage. Incineration is essentially a controlled process of burning waste materials. Disposal of garbage through incineration is regarded useful. It reduces the total volume of the waste materials, making it easier for the public authorities to manage public garbage. Further, the incineration process is able to kill the harmful pathogens that are found in garbage. This makes the processed or incinerated garbage safer to dump in landfill sites. Many contemporary garbage incinerators have been introduced that have a green aspect—they are eco-friendly. These incinerators produce steam that is later converted towards producing electricity. This is a remarkable format for converting waste materials into an energy-producing resource. Incineration is regarded as one of the most affordable waste-treatment process. There are various kinds of incinerators, each capable of handling a particular kind of waste-product. Chemical incinerators burn wastes collected from industrial processes while municipal or household incinerators collect garbage collected from residential neighbour hoods. There are various other kinds of incinerators, categorized according to their additional functionalities. While some compress sludge, others are capable of sorting solids from liquid wastes before incinerating them.